Aflatoxin in pistachio nuts is one of the most important issues that have been considered in the international standard for pistachio trade as well as the standard of different countries.
Researches have shown the presence of Aspergillus fungi and their growth in certain foods. Pistachio is one of the food and agricultural products that has the potential to grow Aspergillus fungus. Aspergillus fungus originates in the production of aflatoxin toxins. Aflatoxin toxins are classified into four types: B1, B2, G1 and also G2. The most dangerous aflatoxin group is aflatoxin B1. If this toxin is injected into the human body, it will cause dangerous illnesses, such as cancer. So aflatoxin in pistachio nuts is very important. As we mentioned above, the issue aflatoxin in pistachio nuts of trade pistachio is concerned. Countries have defined certain standards for pistachio trade. These standards specify limits for levels of aflatoxin in pistachio nuts.
EU law for aflatoxin in pistachio nuts
The EU has defined the permitted level of aflatoxin in pistachios as follows.
- For aflatoxin b1, the maximum level is 8ppb.
- Also for aflatoxin, the maximum permitted level is up to 10ppb.
The definition of these limits in the EU standard means that if aflatoxin in pistachio nuts is more than this, the union will not allow the import of pistachios. The pistachio exporter must pay attention to these rules in pistachios export to these countries.
Many countries are subject to the FAO standard for aflatoxin in pistachio nuts. But countries like the European Union and several other countries, such as Singapore, have stricter standards. Paying attention to this issue in pistachios is one of the requirements for success. Pistachios exporters must pay attention to these.